History of Comilla
Comilla is a major city of Bangladesh situated by the bank of the river Gomti. Thi locality is quiet ancient and the time of establishment of this locality is not guessed by any historian. According to a Sanskrit book called “Tripura Sangbad” by Bhagabat Chandra Bisharat published in 1785, a Muslim captain (nayak) called ‘Kamilla‘ settled in this area at the starting of 16th century while Hussain Shah was the ruler of Gouro Province. Since this man settled here, this place has been identified as ‘Comilla’ from the Mughal rule. Comilla was a very important administrative center since the British Rule, as the evolution of Comilla’s progress has started from the very beginning.
Comilla Cantonment, was established by the British Crown after World War I in order to maintain military chain over this area. This cantonment has been widely used by the British Indian Army during World War II as a key sector to fight possible Japanese Invasion after the fall of Rangoon. This was specially mobilized for the Gorkha Riffles of British Indian Army in 1945 for patrolling border areas adjacent to Burma. The image at right shows Gorkha troops passing a river. But British Royal Marines have also attended this cantonment. Severe casualties of these troops in the Eastern Front of World War II Pacific Theater were dealt in Comilla Cantonment. The current war cemetery has been constructed to commemorate these identified or unidentified dead soldiers, which is situated by the highway next to Tiprabazar.
Comilla is also historically recognized for participation of its people in Independence movement of 1947 & 1971. In Muktijuddho, Comilla movement was administered by Mukti Bahini Sector 2 which had Major Khaled Mosharraf (later Major General of Bangladesh Army) as its commanding officer. Comilla was invaded by Allied Forces led by 23 Mountain Division of Indian Army under Command of Major General Hira Kiloferce & Mukti Bahini under Command of Major Khaled Mosharraf & Major A.T.M Haider on December 8, 1971 and liberated. The journey of Allied Forces to invade Dhaka was initiated after the fall of Comilla.